Written By: Ishton W. Morton – February 9th, 2019
Recently, I acquire several bottles of tonic water at a local Wal-Mart Store. This product is sold under the Great Value label. It is found that this product contains as substance that is known as Quinine. True enough listed on the bottle are these words “Contains Quinine”. The bottom line is who knows what Quinine is?
Predicated on my research Quinine is defined as a medication used to treat malaria and babesiosis. Subsequently, this includes treatment(s) of malaria due to Plasmodium falciparum which is resistant to chloroquine when artesunate is not available. Also, it is used for restless legs syndrome, and it is not recommended for this purpose due to the risk of side effects.
This substance can be taken by mouth or used intravenously. Malaria resistance to quinine occurs in certain areas of the world. Also, Quinine is the ingredient in tonic water that gives it its bitter taste.
Additionally, its common side effects include headache, ringing in the ears, trouble seeing, and sweating. Moreover the more severe side effects include deafness, low blood platelets, and an irregular heartbeat. Ironically, its Usage can make one more prone to sunburn.
While it is unclear if usage during pregnancy causes harm to the baby, its usage during pregnancy to treat malaria is still highly recommended. Quinine is an alkaloid, a naturally occurring chemical compound. How it works as a medicine is not entirely clear.
Historically, Quinine was first isolated in 1820 from the bark of a cinchona tree. Bark extracts have been used to treat malaria since at least 1632.
According to the World Health Organization’s List of Essential Medicines, it is one of the most effective and safe medicines needed in our health system.
Nonetheless, the producers of our foods seem to be more interested the amount of money that could be gained from these types of Toxin In Our Foods today. Astonishingly, the wholesale price in the developing world is roughly US $1.70 to $3.40 per course of treatment. In the United States a course of treatment is more than $200.
Dryly as of 2006, Quinine is no longer recommended by the WHO (World Health Organization) as a first-line treatment for malaria, and it should be used only when artemisinins are not available. Plus, Quinine is used to treat lupus and arthritis.
To the bigger question that no one seems willing to address; why is Quinine being subjected to the consumption of Quinine by manufacturers or producers of our foods?
Subsequently, in the past, quinine was frequently prescribed as an off-label treatment for leg cramps at night, but this has become less common due to a Food and Drug Administration warning that this practice is associated with life-threatening side effects.
Apparently, neither Wal-Mart or the maker of Canada Dry or others got the Food and Drug Administration warning that this practice is associated with life-threatening side effects.
Quinine continues to be is a basic amine and is usually provided as a salt. Various existing preparations include the hydrochloride, dihydrochloride, sulfate, bisulfate and gluconate. In the United States, quinine sulfate is commercially available in 324-mg tablets under the brand name Qualaquin.
All quinine salts may be given orally or intravenously (IV); also, quinine gluconate may be given intramuscularly (IM) or rectally (PR). The main problem with the rectal route is that the dose can be expelled before it is completely absorbed; in practice, this is corrected by giving a further half dose.
No injectable preparation of quinine is licensed in the US; quinidine is used instead. If this is the case; why then is Wal-Mart selling a product under the Great Value label that contains Quinine?
According to tradition, the bitter taste of anti-malarial quinine tonic led British colonials in India to mix it with gin, thus creating the iconic gin and tonic cocktail, which is still popular today.
Nowadays, the amount of quinine in tonic is much lower and drinking it against malaria is useless. Quinine is an ingredient in both tonic water and bitter lemon. In the US, quinine is listed as an ingredient in some Diet Snapple flavors, including Cranberry-Raspberry.
Because we part of a global economy it is imperative that we understood how Quinine is utilized in other countries and how it may affect your food supplies. In France, Quinine is an ingredient of an apéritif known as quinquina, or “Cap Corse,” and the wine-based apéritif Dubonnet. In Spain, quinine (“Peruvian bark”) is sometimes blended into sweet Malaga wine, which is then called “Malaga Quina”.
In Scotland, the company A.G. Barr uses quinine as an ingredient in the carbonated and caffeinated beverage Irn-Bru. In Uruguay and Argentina, quinine is an ingredient of a PepsiCo tonic water named Paso de los Toros.
As a flavoring agent in beverages, quinine is limited to less than 83 parts per million in the United States, and 100 mg⁄l in the European Union.